Child Abuse

Ethics Consultation

To contact the LPCH Ethics Committee:
Pager x18537

Parental Reporting

Advocates suggest that you encourage the non-abusive parent to make a report to CPS from your office, if there is a reportable situation. 
This would decrease the chance of “failure to protect” charges against that parent. You would still also need to report yourself.

Trust and Mandatory Reporting

Maintaining trust can be difficult with mandatory reporting laws (see Disclosing).  One way to help overcome this issue is to call in report in the presence of the child/teen/parent, so that they know what was said, and/or to let them see the written report.


Most practitioners and advocates feel that because of the California mandatory reporting laws, it is ethically preferable to tell appropriately aged children, teens and parents about the limits of confidentiality prior to taking a history.  However, this is not required by law.

If you choose to disclose the conditions under which you are required by state law to report abuse, an efficient way to do so might be in new patient paperwork – or you could simply discuss this near the beginning of the visit:

“I just want you to know that everything we talk about today is confidential, except by law I must report if I am concerned you might hurt yourself or someone else, or if... (to child) someone might be hurting you.
(to adult) there is a possibility children or elders in the home are being hurt or neglected.”

Also you may decide to notify the patient that under California law and HIPAA, parents can obtain their children's medical records, with certain exceptions such as pregnancy.


Various privacy issues include:

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